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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

their country. The Polish capital renowned as none other in the world
for its services to the Allied cause., begged in vain for help from its two
other Allies, whose air armadas " had bombed every point throughout
Europe."
This Warsaw rising came as an ominous warning, With it, the curtain
hiding the events taking place in Poland was drawn back, and the peoples
of the world were shown not only the problem of help for the Polish
capital but the problem of the future of Poland ; whether, liberated from the
Nazis she was to be over-run by the Soviets ? To let this injustice stand
in the way of the construction of a general system ofe peace for all time *
which would correct old injustices and forbid new ones., seemed tragic in
the extreme. Was Warsaw therefore to become the crucial point of the
Allied Unity ? An uneasy feeling that " Britain and the United States,
were letting Poland down/' spread throughout those countries.
From June 22,1941, the British policy towards Russia had been founded
on the principle that the c Soviets can do no wrong.* This policy could
do little harm during those dark years of war, when the hard-pressed
Soviets were practically pushed away from the outskirts of Europe. But
gradually, as the Russians became victorious, so their demands upon the
United Nations grew until they were beyond all sense of proportion to
the war-aims proclaimed by the Allies. These demands were not con-
fined to verbal statements only, for, as the Red Armies reached the coun-
tries west of Russia. Moscow immediately executed them by force majeure.
Thus, along the path of victory, cleared from German pill-boxes and
' dragons' teeth/ traps were laid, one after the other, by this triumphant
member of the Allied camp. The Atlantic Powers were now confronted
with the dilemma, to back Poland, who had dared to stand fan, pro-
claiming her independence and integrity, or to recant their war-aim
number one—the freedom of Poland and countenance the idea of a
triumphant Russia stepping into the position now held by the Germans
in Europe.
In the summer of 1944, t^ie &e{i Army had occupied half of Poland as
far as the Vistula. The occupation was accompanied by their determina-
tion to subordinate the country to the Soviet rule, and the difference
between the policy of the Kremlin and the policy of the Allies grew more
and more apparent and was to increase with every passing day.
Teheran was a milestone in the history of the Second Great War.
Biitain and America had joined the conference, not as a bloc prepared
•to uphold the Atlantic Charter with all their strength, but with separate
aims in view. Churchill had to manoeuvre between the United States
and Russia, and between Russia and the peoples of Europe. To appease
Stalin and keep the Red Army from the Balkans, from the north-eastern
shores of the Mediterranean, and further east, from India, Churchill
agreed to the Soviet's penetration in the Baltic countries, Czecho-SloVakia,
303